FAS disease - what is it?
FAS disease - what is it?
FAS – Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a disease based on a brain disorder which is result of the consumption of alcohol by a pregnant mother. FAS can be described as latent disability because of prenatal alcohol damage to the brain of a child before birth.
FAS is a medical diagnosis, recorded in the International Classification of Diseases ICD-10 under the code Q 86.0, and within it there are 4 basic criteria:
- Documented alcohol consumption by pregnant mother;
- Pre- and postnatal deficits in weight gain and head circumference;
- Intellectual difficulties and social problems;
- A set of physical anomalies expressed through more or less visible facial dysmorphs and deformities in the structure of limbs, muscles, heart and other organs..
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders is a term that covers all the effects of a mother consuming alcohol during pregnancy. In the FASD concept there are: FAS (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome), pFAS (Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome), SE / AE (Non-Progressive Encephalopathy with Alcohol Exposure), ND / AE (Neurobehavioral Disorder with Alcohol Exposure).
FAS / FASD signals:
About FAS / FASD can provide a number of problems both cognitive and related to their organic health:
– concentration problems,
– learning difficulties,
– problems with emotion control (irritability, fearfulness, sudden outbursts of anger),
– emotional instability, i.e. quick and frequent changes of emotions (e.g. rapid change of mood from joy to extreme anger or crying),
– problems anticipating the consequences of your own actions and planning your actions,
– memory problems,
– difficulties in establishing and maintaining relationships with others,
– difficulties in understanding the value of money,
– no sense of time,
– stiff thinking,
– often reduced intellectual performance (although this is not a characteristic symptom only for children with FAS / FASD),
– problems with recognizing sensory impressions,
– reduced ability to understand language, primarily understanding of jokes and metaphors,
– reduced language skills in creating statements,
– sensory integration disorders (hypersensitivity and hypersensitivity,
– although this is not a characteristic symptom only for children with FAS / FASD),
– health problems related to the circulatory system, kidneys, heart, liver, bones and joints, nervous system (e.g. epilepsy).
Do you have a child or do you know someone who has a child who has these symptoms?
The Fascinating Child’s World Foundation has set itself the goal of helping children suffered from FAS / FASD through diagnostic and therapeutic assistance, but also the families of these children through mental support and counseling, detailed diagnosis and individual therapy.